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Does The Court Take Into Consideration A Child’s Preferences In A Custody Dispute?
The judge in a custody case will almost always take into consideration a child’s preferences regarding living arrangements and the physical custody schedule.
How much weight the judge places on the child’s preferences, however, will depend on the age and maturity of the child.
If you’re involved in a custody dispute, you might wonder how much your child’s preference for one parent or the other matters. Is your child allowed to tell the judge which parent he or she wants to live with? The answer is it depends.
Child Custody in Pennsylvania is determined based on a variety of factors. The custody laws in Pennsylvania list 16 factors that courts are supposed to consider when making a custody determination. None of those custody factors are controlling by themselves. Judges look at all factors and try to reach a decision that is in the best interests of the children.
One of the custody factors in Pennsylvania is “the well-reasoned preference of the child, based on the child’s maturity and judgment.” However, there is no set age when child’s preference becomes applicable to a custody case. Although, obviously, greater weight is placed on the preference of older children. That is because the older a child gets, the more intelligent and informed their views and opinions become and the easier it is for them to articulate their feelings.
If a judge thinks a child is old enough to make a mature opinion, he or she will either rely on a custody evaluation discussing the child’s preference and/or interview the child.
A judge will consider a custody evaluation done in your case by a psychologist or other professional that discusses your child’s preferences. The judge will almost certainly take this into consideration instead of interviewing the child directly. If no such report exists, or if there is a dispute over the report, the judge will typically interview the child at the request of one of the parties. The interview is usually informal and takes place in the judge’s chambers. This process is less stressful for the child than being examined in open court.
Although courts try to consider a child’s preferences whenever possible, it’s not feasible in all situations.
It’s not a good idea to question a young child about his or her preferences. Young children may not understand the process or may feel obligated to just make an arbitrary choice of one parent over the other. This could result in a custody situation that is not truly in the best interest of the child.
You also should be careful about having a child talk to a judge or testify in court. Children usually do not say what you expect them to say. They want to stay neutral and will almost always tell the judge that they want the custody schedule to be equal (even if that is not what they actually want), because they don’t want to pick one parent over the other or hurt their parent’s feelings. Judges also do not like it when parents ask their children to testify in court and will often hold it against the parent that does.
If you are experiencing a custody issue, get in contact with us. The experienced and knowledgeable attorneys at Cooley & Handy can help you navigate this delicate area of family law.